I have attached the assignment below. Please choose one of those artworks from module 7 and compare it to a more contemporary work. I will also attach the powerpoint the teacher sent out.ARH 151 Chapter 19 Guide
· Modern art declared its opposition to the whimsy of the late Rococo style with Neoclassical art of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
· Neoclassical art contained:
· harsh sculptural lines.
· a subdued palette.
· planar recession.
· Classical (especially Roman) subject matter.
· Neoclassical painters, such as Jacques-Louis David, were referred to as Poussinistes, for they embraced the linear, systematic approach of Nicolas Poussin. 
Jacques-Louis David

1 – Fig. 19.1 Jacques-Louis David, The Oath of the Horatii (1784). Oil on canvas, 11’ x 14’. 
· David was the preeminent Neoclassical painter in France.
· This painting, which features a Roman subject, was viewed by the French public as a call for revolution. Ever the opportunist, David joined the fight in 1789.
Angelica Kauffman

2 – Fig. 19.2 Angelica Kauffman, The Artist in the Character of Design Listening to the Inspiration of Poetry (1782). Oil on canvas, D: 24”. 
· Female artist Angelica Kauffman carried the Neoclassical style to England.
· Notice the Classical columns, costume, and subject matter.
Neoclassicism: Art As Propaganda
· Napoleon solidified his rule by commissioning artists, like David, to paint his portrait in a Neoclassical style. (See Fig. 21.44).
· The emperor’s sister (Pauline Borghese) had herself portrayed as the Greco-Roman goddess Venus. Notice the strong contours and the frigid rendering of the reclining female.

3 – Fig. 21.44 Jacques-Louis David, Napoléon Crossing the Alps (1800). Oil on canvas, 8’ 10” x 7’ 7”. 

4 – Fig. 19.3 Antonio Canova, Pauline Borghese as Venus (1808). Marble, life-sized. 
· Both Neoclassicism and Romanticism reflected the revolutionary spirit of the times.
· While Neoclassicism emphasized restraint of emotion, purity of form, and subjects that inspired morality, Romantic artists sought:
· extremes of emotion.
· virtuoso brushwork.
· a brilliant palette.
· Romantic artists, such as Géricault and Delacroix, were dubbed Rubenistes, for they embraced the painterly, emotive art of Peter Paul Rubens. 
Théodore Géricault & Eugène Delacroix
· Refers to contemporary shipwreck off the African coast (Fig. 19.4)
· Abolitionist sentiment
· Reference to Byron’s poem about ancient Assyrian king Sardanapalus (Fig. 19.5)

5 – Fig. 19.4 Théodore Géricault, Raft of the Medusa (1818-1819). Oil on canvas, 16’ x 23’. 

6 – Fig. 19.5 Eugène Delacroix, The Death of Sardanapalus (1826). Oil on canvas, 12’ 11 1/2” x 16’ 3”. Louvre Museum, Paris, France. 
Francisco Goya

7 – Fig. 19.6 Francisco Goya, The Third of May, 1808 (1814-1815). Oil on canvas, 8’ 9” x 13’ 4”. 
· Spanish artist Goya depicts massacre of Spanish civilians by Napoleonic troops in Madrid
· Tragic subject, fluid brushwork, symbolism of color and line
Compare & Contrast: The Odalisques
· Some European artists traveled to Africa and the Middle East in the 19th century. This exposure to and fascination with the East (known

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